Nutrition

The Hallmark of the Mediterranean Diet

The Hallmark of the Mediterranean Diet

The Mediterranean diet and eating habits based on carbohydrates low on the glycemic index reduce the probability of developing type 2 diabetes, concluded a recent study conducted in Europe on a large sample of the population. The research was published in Diabetologia Journal.

Researchers analysed data from more than 22,000 people who were followed for over 11 years as part of the large-scale European Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC), which examined the relationship between the incidence of diabetes mellitus and foods that were eaten.

The findings highlighted that subjects who stuck to a Mediterranean dietary regime saw the probability of suffering from diabetes one day reduced by 12%. Risks could fall by as much as 20% with foods low on the glycemic index, like pasta, whole grains, pulses, fruit and vegetables. Lowering at the same time foods that are higher on the index, like sugars, rice and processed grain.