Protected Geographical Indication, or IGP in Italian, is a label recognised at the European Union level for food products that have a direct link – in terms of quality, reputation or other characteristic – with a specific territory of origin. In order to be granted the IGP, at least one phase of the production process (ranging from procuring raw materials, to transformation and processing) must take place in a defined geographic area.
Those who produce IGP products freely accept compliance with the strict rules governing the production of each product, in line with restrictions guaranteed by the entities in charge of supervision. Regulations can also be updated, or changed by the consortiums, which also request official registration of their IGP label.
For wines to receive the IGP, at least 85% of the grapes used in production must come from the territory that lends it its name.