Its geographic position, central role in European mobility projects for rail transport, and concentration of offers for maritime transport are a great opportunity for the port of Gioia Tauro. In order to take advantage of this, the regional council of Calabria has asked the national government to create a special economic zone based on the model of the Shanghai Free Trade Zone.
The port of Gioia Tauro, which moved nearly 3 million containers in 2012, is located on the main sea route that connects Northern Europe with Asia, from the English Channel to the Indian Ocean, by way of the Mediterranean. Rail connections will also make the creation of a logistical hub in the Calabrian city of primary importance, with the finishing of the TEN-T European network that will connect Berlin to Palermo.
The maritime transport market is also undergoing a phase of restructuring. A recent example is the P3 agreement among the three largest groups in the world, all of which are European (MSC, Maersk and CMA CGM. It is a move that is meant to correspond to the renting of a pier at Piraeus harbour in Greece by China’s Cosco.