Food sustainability

Aquaculture Key Element

The most recent food security report released by the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization indicates insects as an indispensable source of animal protein for nourishing the world’s population. While we are waiting for grasshoppers, ants and earthworms to become part of global culinary experience, it would be worth it to highlight the opportunities of farm raised fish products produced through sustainable aquaculture.

The Worldwatch Institute demonstrates how raising fish species through aquaculture, if done so respecting the marine habitat and its organisms, constitutes one of the best answers to the food needs of the planet’s increasing population. Raised fish already account for 42% of world consumption, and will surpass traditional fishing in the next decade, according to Il Fatto Alimentare.

The impact of aquaculture on the environment depends on various factors, including how waste is treated. Europe has offered some positive models, like those seen for trout, sturgeon, gilt-head bream and sea bass in Italy, as well as negative ones, like salmon production in Scotland, which releases the equivalent in ammonia of that created by some 3.2 million human beings.