The new GMOs, masked under the NBT acronyms (New Breeding Techniques) and GE (Gene Editing), are the new bridgehead for imposing models of industrial agriculture based on the systematic use of poisonous and other agrotoxic pesticides. Monsanto's new GE maize, MON 87429, offers proof of 9. And civil society opposes its request for authorization, with the petition sponsored by Pesticides Action Network (PAN).
Monsanto - Bayer, the new GE corn
The new corn GE Monsanto - Bayer exceeds all expectations of the planet's poisoners. The new seed was in fact designed to withstand the application of not one but five broad spectrum herbicides:
- dicamba. The show of him is cause of leukemia and other forms of cancer,
- glufosinate-ammonium (glufosinate ammonium, GLA). Neurotoxic. It can cause autism spectrum disorders in children of women exposed to it during pregnancy (1,2),
- quizalofop-P-ethyl (quizalofop-p-ethyl). Genotoxic, cytotoxic (i.e. toxic to cells), hepatotoxic and toxic to metabolism (3,4,5),
-2,4-D. Key ingredient ofAgent Orange, used by the US in Vietnam as a weapon of mass destruction between 1962 and 1971. Neurotoxic, carcinogenic and endocrine disruptor, causes damage to reproduction and development (6,7). The oxidative stress caused by it leads to suspicions of genotoxicity, (8)
- glyphosate. The bestseller of agrotoxicants, authorized in the EU on the basis of scientific fraud to this day unpunished.
To the dangers already known there is also the risk that dicamba, 2,4-D and glyphosate are capable of inducing antibiotic resistance in humans and animals. (9) Besides that, already overt for glyphosate and not yet investigated as a duty, of the damage caused by the agrotoxicants in question to the intestinal microbiome.
MON 87429, the authorization procedure
MON 87429, the corn seed designed by Monsanto-Bayer to resist the 5 super-poisons, is now awaiting approval by the Ministry of Agriculture (USDA, United States Department of Agriculture). Who, under the administration of Donald Trump, has already approved tens of thousands of franken-seed. So quickly, just under 4 authorizations per month, to dispel any doubts about the total absence of analysis of the dangers to human and animal health, the environment and biodiversity.
The connivance between politics, administration and industries of the agro-toxic, among other things, received a recent censure from the justice, just last month. When the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals (San Francisco) ruled that the renewal was illegitimate to the authorization of dicamba by Environment Protection Agency (EPA). After having ascertained that his officials have failed in their duties, deliberately failing to consider the disasters - of which they had exact knowledge - caused by the herbicide killer on plant species off-target.
Monsanto's petition to the US Department of Agriculture (USDA), to obtain approval for the new GMO in question, was submitted on 27.6.19. With a dossier updated on 10.12.19 which consists of 323 pages (dossier APHIS-2020-0021). And a public consultation is now underway, expiring on 7.7.20.
MON 87429, the opposition of civil society
PANNA (Pesticides Action Network North America) has activated a popular initiative and a petition, in synergy with the National Family Farm Coalition (member of the international coalition La Campesina Via) is Friends of the Earth. To express civil society's outspoken opposition to USDA's go-ahead to MON 87429. (10)
The text of the petition - what a GIFT (Great Italian Food Trade) and Égalité claim, with prayers to their readers and supporters that they want to join, by following the link http://www.panna.org/take-action/usda-reject-monsantos-petition-approve-ge-5-herbicide-seed - following:
'I strongly oppose the Monsanto Company's request for authorization of corn tolerant to dicamba, glufosinate-ammonium, quizalofop, 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid and glyphosate.
The implications of this maize (…) on agroecosystems will only be negative and could indeed be dramatic. The applications of new mixtures [of herbicides, ed.] could undermine plant health, including food crops and plant pest health, threatening human and environmental health and accelerating weed resistance.
If this GE maize is deregulated, farmers will be able to sow it 'defensively' to prevent drift damage [of the agrotoxics in question, ed], even when they do not intend to use one or more of these chemicals. A farmer who adds a small grain or alfalfa to a rotation may find that they inadvertently reactivate the chemical residues in the soil when adding phosphate fertilizer prior to planting. And farmers planning to use cover crops as part of a soil regeneration program may find that herbicide residues from persistent use can inhibit the germination of those cover crops.
Today more than ever, farmers need a variety of tools [agroecological, ed] per safeguard biodiversity. And build agricultural and food systems resilient - and resistant toclimate emergency - which we so urgently need. This new GE seed would instead reduce agro-ecosystem management options for farmers.
I urge you to reject Monsanto Company's application for the authorization of corn tolerant to dicamba, glufosinate-ammonium, quizalofop, 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid and glyphosate. ' (10)
MON 87429 and us
Why bother of a dossier of authorization presented in the USA? For the simple reason that, following the expected green light from USDA, Monsanto - Bayer will also propose a similar application in the European Union. And the crops of these toxic crops will become part of our food chain, thanks also to CETA e TTIP.
It goes without saying that the deregulation of new GMOs to which pesticide and seed monopolists (Big 4) yearn, also in Europe, will have catastrophic effects on that biodiversity and the environment to which the Von der Leyen Commission has also dedicated a Strategy 2030. In words, at least. (11)
pop, Profit Over People, thats enough!
Footnotes to the story
(1) US EPA (Environment Protection Agency), Office of Prevention. Pesticides and Toxic Substances, Reregistration Eligibility Decisions (REDs). Interim REDS (iREDs) and RED Factsheets. http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/reregistration/status.htm
(2) Anthony Laugeray et al. (2014). Pre- and Postnatal Exposure to Low Dose Glufosinate Ammonium Induces Autism-Like Phenotypes in Mice. Front Behav Neurosci. 2014; 8: 390. doi: 10.3389 / fnbeh.2014.00390
(3) Catalin Aurelian Rosculete et al (2018). Determination of the Environmental Pollution Potential of Some Herbicides by the Assessment of Cytotoxic and Genotoxic Effects on Allium cepa. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019 Jan; 16 (1): 75. doi: 10.3390 / ijerph16010075
(4) Robin Mesnage, Martina Biserni, Michael N. Antoniou et al. (2018). Comparison of transcriptome responses to glyphosate, isoxaflutole, quizalofop-p-ethyl and mesotrione in the HepaRG cell line. Toxicol Rep. 2018; 5: 819–826. doi: 10.1016 / j.toxrep.2018.08.005
(5) Ioannis S. Elefsinotis, George D. Liatsos, Dimitris Stamelakis, and Antonios Moulakakis. (2007). Case Report: Mixed Cholestatic / Hepatocellular Liver Injury Induced by the Herbicide Quizalofop-p-ethyl. Environmental Health Perspective; Vol. 115, No. 10. https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.9968
(6) Gina Solomon. Agent Orange in Your Backyard: The Harmful Pesticide 2,4-D. The Atlantic. 24.2.12, https://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2012/02/agent-orange-in-your-backyard-the-harmful-pesticide-2-4-d/253506/
(7) Mary Sue Marty, Barbara H. Neal, Larry Hammond et al. (2013). An F1-Extended One-Generation Reproductive Toxicity Study in Crl: CD (SD) Rats With 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid.
Toxicol Sci. 2013 Dec; 136 (2): 527-547. doi: 10.1093 / toxsci / kft213
(8) Catherine C. Lerro et al. (2017). A longitudinal study of atrazine and 2,4 ‐ D exposure and oxidative stress markers among iowa corn farmers. Environ Mol Mutagen. 2017 Jan; 58 (1): 30–38.
(9) Kurenbach B, Marjoshi D, Amábile-Cuevas CF, Ferguson GC, Godsoe W, Gibson P, Heinemann JA. (2015). Sublethal exposure to commercial formulations of the herbicides dicamba, 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, and glyphosate cause changes in antibiotic susceptibility in Escherichia coli and Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium. mBio 6(2):e00009-15. doi:10.1128/mBio.00009-15.
(10) PAN (Pesticides Action Network) North America. USDA: Reject Monsanto's petition to approve this GE five-herbicide seed
(11) Gesine Schütte, Michael Eckerstorfer, Martha Mertens et al. (2017). Herbicide resistance and biodiversity: agronomic and environmental aspects of genetically modified herbicide-resistant plants. Environ Sci Eur. 2017; 29 (1): 5. doi: 10.1186 / s12302-016-0100-y